The major expansion of transport networks in the twentieth century has been accompanied by extensive bridge construction. At the end of the century, the field of bridge engineering continues to grow and develop. Recent years have seen the construction of revolutionary new bridges, advances in materials and construction techniques and the development of international codes and standards aimed at producing more durable and reliable structures. In addition to further construction, many innovative methods and materials are being used to face the challenges of maintaining and upgrading ageing bridge stock. This book presents the proceedings of an international conference specially convened to take stock of developments in bridge engineering at the end of the millennium. It includes contributions from leading international experts, supplemented by important papers on major bridge projects and other current issues. Topics include bridge design, construction, assessment methods, reliability analysis and bridge management.Temperature Load Monitoring In Highways Departmenta#39;s Structures Design Manual, the temperature data for the design of steel and composition bridges are derived ... Weigh-in-motion sensors are used to measure axle-weights, speeds, and types of vehicles. ... loading data, calculating the bogie weights, numbers, lengths and weights of trains and carrying out rainflow counts for fatigue life estimation.
|Title||:||Current and Future Trends in Bridge Design, Construction and Maintenance|
|Author||:||Parag C. Das, Dan M. Frangopol, Andrzej S. Nowak, Institution of Civil Engineers (Great Britain)|
|Publisher||:||Thomas Telford - 1999-01-01|