High-Performance Computing

High-Performance Computing

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Over the past decade high performance computing has demonstrated the ability to model and predict accurately a wide range of physical properties and phenomena. Many of these have had an important impact in contributing to wealth creation and improving the quality of life through the development of new products and processes with greater efficacy, efficiency or reduced harmful side effects, and in contributing to our ability to understand and describe the world around us. Following a survey ofthe U.K.'s urgent need for a supercomputingfacility for aca demic research (see next chapter), a 256-processor T3D system from Cray Research Inc. went into operation at the University of Edinburgh in the summer of 1994. The High Performance Computing Initiative, HPCI, was established in November 1994 to support and ensure the efficient and effective exploitation of the T3D (and future gen erations of HPC systems) by a number of consortia working in the qfrontierq areas of computational research. The Cray T3D, now comprising 512 processors and total of 32 CB memory, represented a very significant increase in computing power, allowing simulations to move forward on a number offronts. The three-fold aims of the HPCI may be summarised as follows; (1) to seek and maintain a world class position incomputational scienceand engineering, (2) to support and promote exploitation of HPC in industry, commerce and business, and (3) to support education and training in HPC and its application.3. J. Tennyson, J.R. Henderson and N.G. Fulton, Computer Phys. Comms. 86:175 (1995). 4. X.T. Wu and E.F. Hayes, J. Chem. ... Parallel Virtual Machine - The PVM3 Usersa#39; Guide and Reference Manual is available from ... Edition 3 ( Daresbury Laboratory HPCI Centre, 22/8/96) available on WWW URL http://www. dci.clrc.ac.uk/Publications 15. ... K. Maschhoff and D. Sorensen A portable implementation of ARPACK for distributed memory parallel architectures Preliminary proceedings, anbsp;...

Title:High-Performance Computing
Author:R.J. Allan
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 1999-03-31


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