World Bank Technical Paper No. 359. As the telecommunications sector evolves toward a more competitive environment in which the private actors become the main players, it is essential to develop policies that will reduce the disparities between urban and rural telecommunications services. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the technical and financial parameters that have to be considered in formulating such policies. It presents an array of options for commercial operation of rural telecommunications and challenges the general perception that rural telecommunications services are unprofitable. It demonstrates that services can be economically delivered to rural areas at affordable prices while simultaneously providing reasonable financial returns to investors. A planning tool kit is included that assists in the design of the various options.FORCES DRIVING INDUSTRY COMPETITION The rubber industry in the 1980s was characterized by a spate of restructuring ... The concentration is much lower in the non-tire rubber industry and the top ... that reduces the maturity period of a tree from seven to five years, has given the country a cost advantage of 15-20 percent. ... Table 1-11 Rubber: Cross-Country Yield Comparison a 1992 statistics .
|Title||:||Sri Lanka's Rubber Industry|
|Author||:||Yusuf Choudhry, Douglas W. Lister|
|Publisher||:||World Bank Publications - 1997|