Transport sector policies already contribute to moderating greenhouse gas emissions from road vehicles. They are increasingly designed to contribute to overall societal targets to mitigate climate change. While abatement costs in transport are relatively high, there are plausible arguments in favor of further abatement in this sector. The empirical basis to decide upon combinations of fuel economy standards and fuel taxes, however, remains weak. This publication investigates the effectiveness and costs of various mitigation options in road transport, and discusses the distribution of abatement efforts across sectors of the economy.--Publisher's description.A more recent MIT study (Kramer and Heywood, 2007) used a 2005 Camry 2.5 litre, 4-cylinder engine as its baseline engine and more sophisticated engine mapping and transmission optimization. ... from these analyses with a careful consideration of how urgently society needs to combat climate change and the economic security problems associated with US dependence on an unstable fuel supply.
|Title||:||The cost and effectiveness of policies to reduce vehicle emissions|
|Author||:||International Transport Forum, Transport Research Centre|
|Publisher||:||OECD Publishing - 2009-01-13|